Drugs refers to some compounds that have effects on the body metabolism in order to heal some diseases and relieve some symptoms. That definition includes prescription medicines, analgesic substances and opioid. Generally, drugs refers to the bad substances taken to relieve stress which are notorious for their fast addictive effects. Prescription drugs are commonly referred to by painkillers.
Painkillers are analgesic substances that are taken to reduce pain sensations. Their effects goes beyond anesthesia ; they eliminate pain. They operate at the brain level and not at the sensory receptor. The abuse of that type of medicines can develop a dependency ; the individual is therefore experiencing painkiller addiction.
Behold painkillers :
Opioid are compound used to treat chronic or long term pain sensations. They are made of substances that induce euphoria sensations. Because of their analgesic effect, they mimic the anesthetics effects. They have the role of inhibiting some neural transmission just the same as some neurotransmitters. In fact, the brain produces its own painkillers but generally they are not enough to counter pain at a critical level. It is then important to prescribe these substances to the subject in order to help reduce the pain sensations and make it easy for him to overcome the sensation.
There are two groups of painkillers:
- Weak painkillers: they are prescribed to minor pains; such pains that prevent you from sleeping. Usually they are taken for short time.
- Strong painkillers: they are the solution for major pains or chronic pains. There are some traumatic situation like accidents resulting in loosing some organs, severe burns and very damaging injuries.
To understand painkiller addiction, it is important to understand the pain sensation mechanism. Well, pain is a particular sensation that is felt the same no matter the sensory receptor is. In fact, pain is pain whether you experience it at your feet, tooth, hand, stomach head or whatever. Actually, pain is perceived as such in the brain, while the sensory receptors might be destroyed.
Naturally, pain induces a complex of reaction within the brain in order to relieve that sensation and reduce the intensity. Two reactions are possible:
- Analgesic reaction: the brain will release some factor known for their ability of suppressing the sensation without losing consciousness.
- Anesthetic reaction: the brain will induce the suppression of all mechanisms related to the pain origin and perception and may lead to fainting or even comas.
All addiction types share the fact the addicted person is unable to make it out without the addictive behavior; whether it is taking a substance or performing some activities. Painkiller addiction has that symptom. It is easy to notice the addictive behavior as the acquisition of the prescribed painkiller even without doctor notice. The patient will experience withdrawal symptoms anytime he is away from the substances. Painkiller addiction is very similar to drug addiction; since they both share some addictive compounds. Overcoming painkiller addiction is somehow harder because the body would be still experience compulsive pain; it is the reason of taking these medicine indeed.
Overcoming painkiller addiction:
Overcoming painkiller addiction is to bear suffer withdrawal symptoms plus the recurrent pain. The decision is for the subject to make. The eventual damages caused by the administration of heavy loads of painkillers may only be treated by gradual decrease of the load. This would help the body to counter the urge for the addictive substances. While proceeding this way, psychological treatment is essential to help patient learning new way to fight pain ; it is possible to resort to some specific diet when it is possible.
The best way to fight painkiller addiction is not to fall for it. Prevention remains the best solution. But if it is already done, better to proceed as quick as possible before the body get accustomed ; painkillers have several side effects that may make you accept the pain rather than take them.