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Painkiller Addiction

Drugs refers to some compounds that have effects on the body metabolism in order to heal some diseases and relieve some symptoms. That definition includes prescription medicines, analgesic substances and opioid. Generally, drugs refers to the bad substances taken to relieve stress which are notorious for their fast addictive effects. Prescription drugs are commonly referred to by painkillers.

Painkillers are analgesic substances that are taken to reduce pain sensations. Their effects goes beyond anesthesia ; they eliminate pain. They operate at the brain level and not at the sensory receptor. The abuse of that type of medicines can develop a dependency ; the individual is therefore experiencing painkiller addiction.

Behold painkillers :

Opioid are compound used to treat chronic or long term pain sensations. They are made of substances that induce euphoria sensations. Because of their analgesic effect, they mimic the anesthetics effects. They have the role of inhibiting some neural transmission just the same as some neurotransmitters. In fact, the brain produces its own painkillers but generally they are not enough to counter pain at a critical level. It is then important to prescribe these substances to the subject in order to help reduce the pain sensations and make it easy for him to overcome the sensation.

There are two groups of painkillers:

  • Weak painkillers: they are prescribed to minor pains; such pains that prevent you from sleeping. Usually they are taken for short time.
  • Strong painkillers: they are the solution for major pains or chronic pains. There are some traumatic situation like accidents resulting in loosing some organs, severe burns and very damaging injuries.

Pain mechanism:

To understand painkiller addiction, it is important to understand the pain sensation mechanism. Well, pain is a particular sensation that is felt the same no matter the sensory receptor is. In fact, pain is pain whether you experience it at your feet, tooth, hand, stomach head or whatever. Actually, pain is perceived as such in the brain, while the sensory receptors might be destroyed.

Regular painkilling:

Naturally, pain induces a complex of reaction within the brain in order to relieve that sensation and reduce the intensity. Two reactions are possible:

  • Analgesic reaction: the brain will release some factor known for their ability of suppressing the sensation without losing consciousness.
  • Anesthetic reaction: the brain will induce the suppression of all mechanisms related to the pain origin and perception and may lead to fainting or even comas.

Painkiller addiction:

All addiction types share the fact the addicted person is unable to make it out without the addictive behavior; whether it is taking a substance or performing some activities. Painkiller addiction has that symptom. It is easy to notice the addictive behavior as the acquisition of the prescribed painkiller even without doctor notice. The patient will experience withdrawal symptoms anytime he is away from the substances. Painkiller addiction is very similar to drug addiction; since they both share some addictive compounds. Overcoming painkiller addiction is somehow harder because the body would be still experience compulsive pain; it is the reason of taking these medicine indeed.

Overcoming painkiller addiction:

Overcoming painkiller addiction is to bear suffer withdrawal symptoms plus the recurrent pain. The decision is for the subject to make. The eventual damages caused by the administration of heavy loads of painkillers may only be treated by gradual decrease of the load. This would help the body to counter the urge for the addictive substances. While proceeding this way, psychological treatment is essential to help patient learning new way to fight pain ; it is possible to resort to some specific diet when it is possible.

Conclusion:

The best way to fight painkiller addiction is not to fall for it. Prevention remains the best solution. But if it is already done, better to proceed as quick as possible before the body get accustomed ; painkillers have several side effects that may make you accept the pain rather than take them.

Drug addiction

There are as much types of addiction as potentially addictive substances. Commonly, addictive substances or behaviors are gathered in groups that share some characteristics.

While drugs describe a group of substances that have the ability of stimulating the brain and inducing it to ecstasy, the truth about addiction is that it has so much to do with psychological matters. In fact, smoking and drug addictions are proofs of the psychological side of additive behaviors. Then the brain is trapped and a high damaging experience takes place.

For instance, drug addiction refers to a damaging circle that begins by a little amount of drugs and may end by deadly overdose. At that point, the coming back is still possible. But before, let’s discover the process from the start.

Drug addiction: the first steps in.

Drug addiction begins similarly to smoking addiction. They both have psychological roots when it is about answering the question “why to be on drugs?”. It is obvious that being on drugs signifies lack of self esteem, troubles, difficulties to fit in society and belonging signs. The difference between drugs and smoking is the speed of addiction development. In fact, the first steps in the drug administration are usually the beginning of the agony.

The following list is to summarize the common and known causes that lead to drug addiction:

  • Social disorder: the subject faces difficulties to prove himself as a member of a given society or community. He is therefore forced to compensate what he is lacking by something else. In most cases, alcohol drinks and drugs are the best solution he can resort to. Unfortunately these the worst ever.
  • Psychological disorder: intense anxiety and stress are two predominant factor that leads individuals to drug addiction. In hope of relieving the straggles, people may resort to these punctual and indeed futile happy and delightful moments.
  • Environment constraint: the risk of being on drug is increased when the environment is full of dealers and consumers. The reality is the environment may promote the drug addiction; in fact criminality rate in the considered zone may be a factor that promotes drug dealing and use.

Drug addiction symptoms:

Drug addiction is different from casual drug use. There are some signs that might tell the person is in a state of addiction. Below is the most common symptoms.

  • The person has the urgent need for drugs: he claims drugs energetically and may use violence in order to force the drug obtaining.
  • Failure to abandon drugs: every time the person tries to quit taking drugs, he fails and might magnify his use afterward.
  • Defending the state: the person tries to hide his unhealthy behavior by explaining how drugs help him to make it through life.
  • Recurrent withdrawal symptoms: the patient behave abnormally. Body shakiness and high irritability are the most obvious signs of the body claiming the addictive substances; it might be accompanied by painful sensation in the joints.

Drug addiction effects:

Drug addiction affects the brain functionong besides the brain anatomy. In fact, the addictive substances are severely damaging the neurotransmitters balance and the neurones connections. They may also alter memories ; the subject may experience blackouts  very frequently. The worst case is death by overdoses. With repetitive use of drugs, the quantity to take increases and th epatient may be completely dragged in. Recovering may take time, but it is always possible to go the way back.

Conclusion :

Drug addiction is surely a big concern. Developing such unhealthy behavior is the result of several psycholigical disorders. The better is preventing the causes rather than suffer the consequences. Yet, prevention would be planned to cover whole generations to come, and it is a long term educational process indeed.