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Smoking Addiction

by Andy McDonald

Smoking addiction is the most common aspect of being tightly dependent on something. Based on the definition of the addiction behavior, this can’t be considered as healthy behavior though the effects of smoking are damages and health issues such as ulcers and respiratory damages that can lead to lungs cancer. The reality is that smoking addiction has more than one aspect. As addiction, it is a psychological disorder and it is caused by the dependency on certain substance.  The importance of that type of addiction is that can expand the effects to non smokers and may harm them indirectly.

Smoking addiction causes:

Smoking addiction can be understood through understanding the reasons that leads to the first cigarette. Yet the smoking habit is something that is learned and settled after several experiences, and that tobacco contains some addictive substances, the reason behind smoking is not material.

Smoking is considered as a social behavior that should be interpreted as sign of belonging to an age class or financial class. It holds to psychological reasons. The smoker first think about his belonging state and begin smoking to identify himself. Listed below, in more details, the psychological reason to start smoking:

  • It’s a challenge to others: the subject has to prove himself as courageous, not susceptible to intimidation by daring this step ahead. This is the real point that separates him from being a child and becoming a growing up.
  • It’s a sign of being responsible and reliable: someone who can go so far is someone able of considerable sacrifices; he is dependable and wise.
  • It’s a fashion: adolescents tend to smoke in order to attract the opposite who would try the same by what fits (making up)
  • The mark you smoke is you social rank: in fact, rich guys smoke expensive cigarettes and medium guys smoke average cigarettes.
  • It’s none but an imitation: the guy or the girl are influenced by an idol who smokes. This can be parent, a brother, a star or a character.

After smoking the first cigarette, there is a serial of events that happens within the brain -for the addiction process- that lead to smoking addiction.

Physiology of smoking addiction:

Smoking addiction has another side beside the psychological one; it is related to the neural functioning of the body. There are some reactions that happens within the brain that leads the subject to become really addicted to tobacco. In fact, tobacco when incinerated and inhaled loads the lungs with nicotine. Actually, the brain produces its own nicotine. This protein is involved in energetic reactions within the whole body as a compound that serves as transfer bus nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide where nicotinamide is the vitamin B3. The high amount of nicotine induces the release of dopamine; the hormone of satisfaction and pleasure. The lack of this hormone induces the brain to begin claiming it, this leads to more cigarettes and more nicotine. At every smoked cigarette, the effect of nicotine as stimulator decreases and the brain claims more nicotine to rise the dopamine induction.

Symptoms of smoking addiction:

Smoking addiction is associated to several symptoms. The reality is that addiction is the state of dependeny on nicotine. The symptoms are usually called withdrawal symptoms because they occur during the period of trying to stop smoking. As long as you are on cigarettes, addiction symptoms are :

  • You can’t think about stop smoking.
  • You defend the smoking behavior.
  • You seek cigarettes whenever you are nervous, excited or stressed out.


At first sight, quitting smoking seems to be a hard task ; it is more related to psychology than to physiology. Actually, the two of them are fused in order to complicate the fact. The good news is that the will of the smoker can really reduce to nothing and make easy overcoming the smoking addiction.


Painkiller Addiction

Drugs refers to some compounds that have effects on the body metabolism in order to heal some diseases and relieve some symptoms. That definition includes prescription medicines, analgesic substances and opioid. Generally, drugs refers to the bad substances taken to relieve stress which are notorious for their fast addictive effects. Prescription drugs are commonly referred to by painkillers.

Painkillers are analgesic substances that are taken to reduce pain sensations. Their effects goes beyond anesthesia ; they eliminate pain. They operate at the brain level and not at the sensory receptor. The abuse of that type of medicines can develop a dependency ; the individual is therefore experiencing painkiller addiction.

Behold painkillers :

Opioid are compound used to treat chronic or long term pain sensations. They are made of substances that induce euphoria sensations. Because of their analgesic effect, they mimic the anesthetics effects. They have the role of inhibiting some neural transmission just the same as some neurotransmitters. In fact, the brain produces its own painkillers but generally they are not enough to counter pain at a critical level. It is then important to prescribe these substances to the subject in order to help reduce the pain sensations and make it easy for him to overcome the sensation.

There are two groups of painkillers:

  • Weak painkillers: they are prescribed to minor pains; such pains that prevent you from sleeping. Usually they are taken for short time.
  • Strong painkillers: they are the solution for major pains or chronic pains. There are some traumatic situation like accidents resulting in loosing some organs, severe burns and very damaging injuries.

Pain mechanism:

To understand painkiller addiction, it is important to understand the pain sensation mechanism. Well, pain is a particular sensation that is felt the same no matter the sensory receptor is. In fact, pain is pain whether you experience it at your feet, tooth, hand, stomach head or whatever. Actually, pain is perceived as such in the brain, while the sensory receptors might be destroyed.

Regular painkilling:

Naturally, pain induces a complex of reaction within the brain in order to relieve that sensation and reduce the intensity. Two reactions are possible:

  • Analgesic reaction: the brain will release some factor known for their ability of suppressing the sensation without losing consciousness.
  • Anesthetic reaction: the brain will induce the suppression of all mechanisms related to the pain origin and perception and may lead to fainting or even comas.

Painkiller addiction:

All addiction types share the fact the addicted person is unable to make it out without the addictive behavior; whether it is taking a substance or performing some activities. Painkiller addiction has that symptom. It is easy to notice the addictive behavior as the acquisition of the prescribed painkiller even without doctor notice. The patient will experience withdrawal symptoms anytime he is away from the substances. Painkiller addiction is very similar to drug addiction; since they both share some addictive compounds. Overcoming painkiller addiction is somehow harder because the body would be still experience compulsive pain; it is the reason of taking these medicine indeed.

Overcoming painkiller addiction:

Overcoming painkiller addiction is to bear suffer withdrawal symptoms plus the recurrent pain. The decision is for the subject to make. The eventual damages caused by the administration of heavy loads of painkillers may only be treated by gradual decrease of the load. This would help the body to counter the urge for the addictive substances. While proceeding this way, psychological treatment is essential to help patient learning new way to fight pain ; it is possible to resort to some specific diet when it is possible.


The best way to fight painkiller addiction is not to fall for it. Prevention remains the best solution. But if it is already done, better to proceed as quick as possible before the body get accustomed ; painkillers have several side effects that may make you accept the pain rather than take them.

Overcoming Addiction

by Andy McDonald

Addiction is some unhealthy behavior that people acquire when they suffer some factors generally called causes of addiction. This behavior can cause huge damages to the subject at both psychological and physiological scale. Actually, addiction is none but an interaction cycle involving psychological disorders as essential causes and leads to more psychological disorders; the cycle includes physiological disturbances -mainly in the brain – that provokes a whole set of addiction symptoms. While prevention is still the best remedy, overcoming addiction and defeating it can be achieved through several techniques. The challenge is worthy and the techniques are somehow available for anyone who needs to set himself free and regain his mental and physical health.

Understanding addiction:

Addiction is the fact of being dependent on particular substances called addictive substances. Mainly, this behavior was noticed among smokers, drinkers and people on drugs. They become unable to stop taking the addictive substances or the compound containing the addictive substance. The effect of the addictive substances is mainly noticed at the brain level where particular reactions are induced by the addictive substances; mainly the release of some neurotransmitters which are known as ecstasy factors. Now, addictive factors are not limited to substances; they include external stimuli that may induce the release of ecstasy neurotransmitters including some unadapted behavior like logging on to the internet for long period, or gambling. Indeed, it is common to hear about gambling addiction and internet addiction. Overcoming addiction is therefore conceived up on the type of addiction.

Causes of addiction:

Overcoming addiction requires knowing the true causes of addiction. Actually, it is better to know what leads to be on certain substances or to adopt certain addictive behaviors; what forces regular persons to smoke? To take drugs? To play for money? To browse the web all day long?

Yet addiction is a psychological disorder, resorting to addictive factors is definitely a psychological disorder. Researches have listed the most pertinent psychological causes that put persons at risk of being addicted.

  • Lack of self confidence:
  • Growth up proof:
  • Belonging proof:
  • Sublimation:

Overcoming addiction is based on knowing the psychological state of the addicted person.

Overcoming addiction techniques:

It is always possible to achieve overcoming addiction unless the subject does not have the will to do so. It is recommended that the addicted person understands that he is damaging his body and mind. The best thing to do is try to move away from the current environment and try to discover something new. It is critical because most of the faced constraints that lead to the addiction trap have their sources within the environment. Besides, there are so many techniques that the person can try to get rid of this unhealthy behavior.

  • Integrating groups of treatment: there are many organizations that offer healing services by using few medicines, but instead they gather people ho share experiences and encourage each other to overcome addictive behavior. This is useful because everyone is watching after everyone. That helps finding the sense of being a member of a small community.
  • Opting for cognitive and behavioral therapy sessions: these are powerful ways to educate the self confidence and help people to overcome addiction by themselves. These therapies target overcoming addiction by learning how to cope stress and avoid addiction traps.
  • Using medicines: there are some cases where psychological treatment is not enough; the patient needs to be on certain medicines in order to help relieving the damages caused by addictive substances.


Psychologically, it is hard to convince an addicted to give up on his addiction. Though he feels guilty and uncomfortable, the behavior has planted his roots deep inside. In fact, one addiction symptom is the number of arguments the addicted has to tell to calm down his conscience. Comes then the withdrawal symptoms which are the biggest challenge that the addicted may face in his quitting process.

Internet Addiction

by Andy McDonald

Addiction is usually defined as being tightly under the influence of certain substance ; the addicted subject has to take this substance in order to regulate his behavior. This situation is mainly defined for smokers, drug takers and painkiller addicted persons. But always have been some others aspects of addiction which have not solicited the attention probably because they are not related to tangible substances. These addictions are described as psychological disorders. In fact the subject behave in an abnormal way versus certain sensory stimulator and he therefore attached to them. The symptoms are similar to regular addiction yet the causes are very different. With the tech evolution, internet has become classified as an addictive factor; people tend to spend many hours per day staring at their monitors or grabbing their smart phones. Nowadays, it is about internet addiction.

Symptoms of internet addiction

Like any psychological disorder, internet addiction has several symptoms. The subject develops particular behaviors and builds maladaptive relationships with the environment.

Actually, the subject would be concentrated on the monitor, whether browsing or playing online games. The particular behaviors include:

  • Spending much time using the internet; the subject would be not able to determine how much time he is spending logged in. the shock is when he realizes that he has missed some several daily activities like eating.
  • Isolation: the subject would abandon family and friends meetings prioritizing logging onto internet. This leads to progressive loss of social bounds and the loss of interest in communication.
  • Loss of accuracy: the subject would be unable to complete several tasks at home or at work because of the time he spends logged in. internet addiction create this schedule conflict which has dramatic effects on your social and professional state of the subject; the subject, therefore, would be always judged as an incompetent element.
  • Arguing in favor of internet: the subject will be always prompt to defend –even aggressively- the time he spends logged in. the internet time is very sacred and the subject tends to allocate more schedules to this hobby.
  • Resorting to internet as anti-depressant: the subject will resort to internet in order to reduce stress or anxiety. This behavior is similar painkillers or drugs addictions.

This last symptom is sometimes listed as one of the most important causes of internet addiction. In fact, being socially rejected can lead to seeking refuge in the internet use which may lead to more attachment.

Causes of internet addiction:

The main causes of internet addiction are several mental disorders that may have they origins in some social cases.

  • Seek for information: some people have excessive need for knowledge and information. Since internet is the right place to look for information about anything, they easily become addicted to that source.
  • Seek of friendship: some people are unable to build and maintain bounds in the real world, they become addict to the virtual world where social media site offer an imitation; and where you can have many relationships.

Fighting Internet addiction:

The first thing to do is to persuade the subject that he has the internet addiction. Then it is critical to define the causes. Once the causes are identified, processing by the cognitive-behavioral therapy methods is the best way to recover from the addiction. No medicine is involved, just new healthy habit to introduce. The main goal is to gain self confidence and avoid internet as source of peace.


Internet addiction stands as the proof that the human brain responds equally to addictive substances as well as to sensory stimulations. It is easy then to conclude that addiction is none but a psychological disorder related to cognitive and behavioral disorder. It is not strange that cognitive behavioral therapy principles are the best remedies to this mental state.


Gambling Addiction

by Andy McDonald

Man seeks money in order to fulfill his needs. Indeed, almost everything demand some expenses to be done ; moving abroad, eating, clothing, etc. It implicates obtaining money then spend it. Reality is, there are many ways to get money ; legal and illegal. Among legal ways to obtain money there are some which are virtually offering big deals.They are not yet scams but they are somehow tricky. Money games are the best examples of these kind of money makers. Of course, gambling is one of these games where you think you are making big deals of money while you are just relying on something called luck ; while the reality is you are losing more than what you may win. Well, gambling is a game ; so what ?

Actually, it is possible that you are dragged into the gambling world and that you can’t stop playing regardless you win or you lose. You may then experience gambling addiction.

Defining gambling and gambling addiction :

Gambling is the synonym of betting money to win prizes ; in most cases it is about wagering money to win more. It can be card game (blackjack, pocker), dices,  horse game ; or any other playing system that requires the three elements to be declared winner : consideration, prize and luck. Gambling is a very prolific industry ; the gambling house is always making profits while gamblers seek uncertain winning.

Well, with the hope of winning the big prize,  gambler are dragged in gambling and they continue betting their money. The amount they may get are very attractive which encourages the gamblers to bet more, increase their bettings and waitn for luck to be by their side.

Gambling addiction takes place when the player is betting in order to have his money back. In fact, he has little chances to win big, but he can lose everything in one bet. So, he will seek « revenge » in order to win and in all cases to pay gambling debts. At this state, he is trapped and can’t quit. He is addicted.

Developing the gambling addiction :

Gambling addiction requires first experiencing whether the fast and easy money of the shocking loss.

  • The first case will induce the increase of the betting repetition with hopes to win more the same easy way ;
  • The second will force the gambler to try again and again in order to restitute the funds he lost.

Of course, this behavior is like any other addiction, is a psychological disorder. In fact the gambling urge develops a certain neuronal disturbance which make the brain reacts blindly towards gambling houses and moeney matters in general. The brain is induced to produce huge amount of neurotransmitters that have -in regular cases- an ecstasy effect. The gambler will feel that stressful hope and may experience some puctual happiness. Reality is, he got trapped in the gambling circuit while he was looking for wealth, happiness and peace of mind. It is already established that drugs, tobacco and gambling induce brain in the same ways.

Symptoms of gambling addiction:

The most important symptom of having gambling addiction is the urgent need to go gambling even though the subject can’t afford it. This uncompatible behavior is the sign of the total immersion in the gambling world. Being unable to quit is a subsequent sign of the gambling addiction. Also, the sbject keeps promising himself big deals and tries to sell the surrounding in order to lend him money.


Gambling addiction is certainly a psychological disorder which – as the others addiction do- ruins mental health more than physical health. Since it is a psychological fact, healinig it requires the patient awarness and will. Cognitive and behavior therapy is therefore the best remedy to this addiction.

Food Addiction

by Andy McDonald

It is amazing how many types of addiction and addictive factors you can come across. Mainly described for drugs and tobacco, addiction has been described for internet, gambling and some factors that contain no addictive substances. Defined as an unhealthy behaviors due to psychological disorder, addiction has now covered more fields.

The most shocking is that addiction can be described for some behaviors we perform everyday which are commonly healthy indeed essential for life. But they can take a shift to become compulsive. As for obsessional compulsive disorder, cleaning hand with water is recommended but when it exceeds the norms it becomes a symptom. In the same way, when you eat you ensure your life but when you eat abnormally a lot, you probably suffer from food addiction.

Food addiction vs eating disorder :

  • Eating disorder has been categorized as psychological disorder. Indeed, the subject has no limit when it it come to eat. He constantly after food. The most shocking thing is that he is aware of that but he can’t stop himself. In order to prevent himself from gaining weight, the subject usually uses several ways to vomit. The truth is that the person (usually a girl) is on a sever diet that leads to an intensive lack of nutrients ; the compensation is a huge tendency to a huge food uptake.
  • Now, food addiction shares the fact of being a psychological disorder. The reason behind the disorder are not clear but the symptoms are the same as any other type of addiction : the brain reacts to certain type of food the same way it would react to proper addictive factor. The food ingredient triggers some neurotransmitters inducing the ecstasy or the satisfactory sensations. The individual has hard time to stop himself from eating since he is after the well being sensation. However he tends to try stopping himself; he is aware that he is behaving the wrong way.

Food addiction symptoms:

Food addiction is a real struggle for the person. In fact, the food addicted person has:

  • serious problems to control his intake when he is in front of sugar loaded foods. As result, people with food addiction are generally obese; no diet is enough to lose weight because the intake is always superior.
  • Constant feeling of shame and depression about the unhealthy habit of eating. The unpleasant weakness versus food lowers the self esteem of the person and induces him in more eating irregularly as compensation of the depressive state.
  • Tendencies to isolate himself from the environment, in order not to be blamed and prevent him from arguing about his food addiction; the point is not to strengthen his depressive feeling.

There are some others symptoms but the listed above are the most common. Food addiction has a physiological side; the brain is induced into euphoria production and is similarly induced as in drug or gambling addiction.

Relieving food addiction:

It is possible to relieve food addiction and change the habits. Certainly, learning new routine is the best way to fight the urgent need for food. Cognitive and behavioral therapy (CBT) appears to be the best fitting remedy. In fact, the subject learn how to regain self esteem and how to respect himself the way he is. That technique reposes on re-educating the dietary habits in order to counter the excessive appeal to food. Moreover, CBT helps the patient learning new habits that are more efficient to attain goals.


Food addiction is certainly an eating disorder. It is therefore essential to target the causes in order to prevent addictive behaviors from appearing again. In this context, CBT is the best practice. But it reposes on the subject will; and indeed it will be easy to convince someone who eats a lot but who aims an ideal weight that the therapy is a easy shortcut.

Drug addiction

There are as much types of addiction as potentially addictive substances. Commonly, addictive substances or behaviors are gathered in groups that share some characteristics.

While drugs describe a group of substances that have the ability of stimulating the brain and inducing it to ecstasy, the truth about addiction is that it has so much to do with psychological matters. In fact, smoking and drug addictions are proofs of the psychological side of additive behaviors. Then the brain is trapped and a high damaging experience takes place.

For instance, drug addiction refers to a damaging circle that begins by a little amount of drugs and may end by deadly overdose. At that point, the coming back is still possible. But before, let’s discover the process from the start.

Drug addiction: the first steps in.

Drug addiction begins similarly to smoking addiction. They both have psychological roots when it is about answering the question “why to be on drugs?”. It is obvious that being on drugs signifies lack of self esteem, troubles, difficulties to fit in society and belonging signs. The difference between drugs and smoking is the speed of addiction development. In fact, the first steps in the drug administration are usually the beginning of the agony.

The following list is to summarize the common and known causes that lead to drug addiction:

  • Social disorder: the subject faces difficulties to prove himself as a member of a given society or community. He is therefore forced to compensate what he is lacking by something else. In most cases, alcohol drinks and drugs are the best solution he can resort to. Unfortunately these the worst ever.
  • Psychological disorder: intense anxiety and stress are two predominant factor that leads individuals to drug addiction. In hope of relieving the straggles, people may resort to these punctual and indeed futile happy and delightful moments.
  • Environment constraint: the risk of being on drug is increased when the environment is full of dealers and consumers. The reality is the environment may promote the drug addiction; in fact criminality rate in the considered zone may be a factor that promotes drug dealing and use.

Drug addiction symptoms:

Drug addiction is different from casual drug use. There are some signs that might tell the person is in a state of addiction. Below is the most common symptoms.

  • The person has the urgent need for drugs: he claims drugs energetically and may use violence in order to force the drug obtaining.
  • Failure to abandon drugs: every time the person tries to quit taking drugs, he fails and might magnify his use afterward.
  • Defending the state: the person tries to hide his unhealthy behavior by explaining how drugs help him to make it through life.
  • Recurrent withdrawal symptoms: the patient behave abnormally. Body shakiness and high irritability are the most obvious signs of the body claiming the addictive substances; it might be accompanied by painful sensation in the joints.

Drug addiction effects:

Drug addiction affects the brain functionong besides the brain anatomy. In fact, the addictive substances are severely damaging the neurotransmitters balance and the neurones connections. They may also alter memories ; the subject may experience blackouts  very frequently. The worst case is death by overdoses. With repetitive use of drugs, the quantity to take increases and th epatient may be completely dragged in. Recovering may take time, but it is always possible to go the way back.

Conclusion :

Drug addiction is surely a big concern. Developing such unhealthy behavior is the result of several psycholigical disorders. The better is preventing the causes rather than suffer the consequences. Yet, prevention would be planned to cover whole generations to come, and it is a long term educational process indeed.

Causes of Addiction

It is common to come across someone who says that he can’t go through the day without smoking a couple of cigarettes. There are some who might say that they can’t help taking drugs or painkillers ; This situation -being dependent of a certain element- is known by addiction. Well, there is a list of addictions ; the addicted person to a certain element, ingredient or activity is helpless in front of it and can only be on it or at it. Amazingly, there are causes of addiction as many as there are types of addiction. Yet, there are some common causes which are shared among all addict person.

What is addiction:

Addiction is the fact of being tightly related to some elements in order to perform activity or  achieve certain performance. The most frequent aspects of addiction are smoking and drugs addictions. The reality about this behavior is that there are a physiological -neuro physiological- process that leads to the addictive state. The addicting factor provokes several changes in the way the brain reacts and may dramatically alter its homeostasis.

For short, addiction is the way that the brain reacts to the administration -equally the practice- of certain elements -equally some behaviors.

Physiology of the addicted:

The nerve system is contains neurons. These neurons communicate with each others and through synapses using neurotransmitters. There are some neurotransmitters which are known for their good effects; they are released as rewards at particular situations and they induce feeling of contentment. Moreover they can induce the ecstasy feeling. The repetitive administration of the ingredient would have the effect of stimulating the release of thee ecstasy neurotransmitters; the nerve system will be seeking the ecstasy. Afterward, the release of the neurotransmitters would only be under the control of the outer factor and then, the brain become addicted to that stimulator.


Physical addiction vs mental addiction:

Physical addiction refers to physical factors as causes of addiction. Generally, there some ingredients which are said to be very addictive. Smoking and alcohol contain ingredients -nicotine and esters- that may interact with the nerve system. The reality is that everything that may trigger a massive release of the ecstasy neurotransmitters can be listed as one of the numerous causes of addiction.

By this definition, psychological and physical causes of addiction share the results parameter: both induce contentment and happiness. Though the behavior can be unhealthy and maladaptive, the subject feels satisfaction while in action and the feeling can last for a while. The overall statement of psychology about addiction is that it is a psychological disorder, since the subject has definite conviction about the relationship between what he is doing and the ecstasy he is seeking, yet the behavior is described as maladaptive.

Common causes of addiction:

There are several factors that have been reported as causes of addiction. The commonly described are:

  • Drugs: the addictive ingredient is naturally produced by the brain but at very low rate.
  • Smoking: nicotine is the addictive ingredient; here again, the brain produces its own compound of nicotine but at healthy dosages.
  • Gaming: the behavior is definitely unhealthy; the subject is unable to behave normally and is always in front of his gaming console.
  • Painkiller: the analgesic property of some compound released by the brain can be counterbalanced by a high dosage of painkillers; this result in several mental disorders.

Addiction evolution:

The causes of addiction act as stimulator; they target specific neurons and they trigger the release of relatively abnormal rate of neurotransmitters. The first time the dose is enough to induce the ecstatic state. After several times, the neurons become insensitive to that dosage and therefore the subject -in quest of the feeling- tends to increase the dosage. After a long period, the subject can become completely insensitive physically but remain highly addicted mentally.


Best Ways to Quit Smoking

by Andy McDonald

Smoking cigarettes is one bad habit that you may not try to learn. Unfortunately, it is common in every society to see that smokers are growing in number. The intense advertisement campaigns are found everywhere and they encourage teenagers and grown-ups to opt for smoking; of course through subliminal messages.

As an addictive routine, smoking appears to be hard to quit. The time you spend arguing with someone defending your freedom of smoking should be more profiting to both of you. Unless you decide to give up smoking by yourself, it is hard for the other to convince you to do so, not even the doctor. When you make your mind and decide to, it is better to ask for the best ways to quit smoking and then choose among them.

Smoking addiction overview:

Before talking about the best ways to quit smoking, let’s explore the smoking addiction. Well, smoking is a habit that consists in inhaling incinerated tobacco. Cigarettes contain nicotine which naturally present within the brain and contributes in some neurotransmitters structure. It is important to signal that the high rate of nicotine provokes high amount of ecstatic neurotransmitters. The brain will seek that satisfactory feeling by claiming cigarettes.

Cigarettes side effects:

Besides the futile happy feelings, cigarettes damage your health:

  • Nicotine addicts your brain: nicotine induces the brain into addiction by stimulating the release of huge amount of ecstatic neurotransmitters.
  • Carbon monoxide suffocates cells: this compound competes with oxygen reducing the cell supplying in this vital gas.
  • Tar harms lungs: it accumulate and reduces the efficient volume of lungs reducing the gas exchanges at that level.

Moreover, excessive smoking can induce lungs, colon and mouth cancers, stomach ulcers and so many other diseases by weakening the immune system. This leads to the urgent need for smokers to look for the best ways to quit smoking and do not wait until the worst happens.

Best ways to quit smoking:

There are many ways and techniques that may help smokers quitting this bad habit. They all require the smoker will in the first place. Afterward, the effort depends on how hard is the addiction level to cigarettes.

  1. Psychotherapy: this is the most efficient way to overcome many types of addictions. In fact, it is not about healing a major psychological disorder, in the contrary it is about reprogramming the psychology to adopt another lifestyle which is healthier. This way is generally done through experiencing cognitive and behavioral therapy. The subject is lead through a psychological training in order to find other activities of replacement; instead of smoking a cigarette. This also important to suppress withdrawal symptoms by thinking differently and learning how to control one’s mentality.
  1. Medicines: some medicines can help gradually suppress the urge for cigarettes. Nicotine patches, chewing gum and pills are loaded with small amounts of the addictive substance and they help the body to get accustomed to little until no supply of nicotine.
  1. Fitness exercises: fitness exercises and workout are very useful when it is about recovering damaged lungs and relieving stress. In fact, the body will learn to perform healthy activities which are more efficient and more profiting.
  1. Diets: it is possible to recover from smoking by being on particular diets. In fact, there are many natural ingredients that have beneficial effects and can help quit smoking. Even better, scheduling meals can be a good way to fight the carving for cigarettes.


At the end, one of the best ways to quit smoking is the well balanced and well mixed combination of all what has been said. Indeed; it is important to know that any change in the lifestyle induces and implicates a serial of changes; better induce rather than wait for them to occ

Alcohol addiction

by Andy McDonald

Alcohol is considered a delightful drink when it is taken at reasonable rates. Moreover it is the preferred drink in many country ; they make it their present drink and they manage to make it as tasty as they wish. But when the drinking rate exceeds the normal, when drinking becomes a threatening habit, when it makes the person permanently drunk and totally unaware of the irresponsible way he behaves, the drink becomes a bothersome. In fact, when the person can’t go through the day without drinking, then there is a big problem called alcohol addiction.

Alcohol anatomy :

Commonly, alcohols are drinks that contain a particular alcohol which is ethanol. Basically, alcohol designates a chemical substance ; an organic molecule containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. This molecule is usually produced by the fermentation process of carbohydrates. Actually, there are many sorts of alcohols according to the number of carbon atoms in the molecules.

Ethanol molecule is volatile and have particular odor. It has also anesthetic effect and an anti bacterial effect.  It is this anesthetic property that is responsible of the mental and physical states of drunk persons; it is the direct responsible of the alcohol addiction.

Physiology of alcohol addiction:

Alcohol addiction is due to the anesthetic property of this compound. When a person drinks alcohols, the active substance competes with several neurotransmitters and induces the person in control lacks; he is no longer in perfect control of what he does or says. Ethanol attack hippocampal cells and restrains their activity. More over, this substance induces disturbances in the dopaminergic and glutaminergic processes and induces several damages -notably alcohol inflammation- in the longer term. Alcohol addiction is then a coverage for destructed neuro cells and a quest of some balance within the brain. In regular amounts, alcohol is broken and removed from the body. But at high amounts, alcohol damages can be severe.

Symptoms of alcohol addiction:

Alcohol addiction or alcohol abuse symptoms are numerous. The subject is easily described when he is drunk but the addiction behavior is more difficult to describe because the addicted tends to drink very often which can be common among alcohol drinkers.

  • Addicted persons have difficulties to stop drinking or even to control how much they take. This situation provokes overdoses and may induce coma and even death.
  • The persons suffering alcohol addiction can’t stop drinking even they are told to stop due to health issues as cirrhosis.
  • Addicted persons have blackouts, which are memories lacks about any events that happens while they were drinking.
  • Anxiety, shakiness and some others motion disorders are visible when the addicted persons are prevented from drinking. These are related to nervous disorders related to neuron destruction.
  • Blood vessels look like spider net on the skin; due to the high blood pressure caused by the extra volume of liquids.
  • Subjects are known for their eating disorders and their stomach issues resulting from the harmful effects of alcohol on the protective coat and the tract peristalsis.
  • They develop readiness on the noise and the cheeks. Actually these are some sensitive regions when the blood flow is easily dragged in due to emotional situations.

Overcoming alcohol addiction:

It may be difficult to overcome alcohol addiction, but evaluating the benefits of drinking against those of drinking not is a useful way to help addicted to recover. There are a bunch of techniques used to help people to heal themselves; they are called self help techniques indeed. The subject lean how to include new habits to replace the unhealthy drinking habit.


Alcohol addiction seems to be a bit harder to overcome; in fact, it induces severe damages to critical parts of the body -brain and liver- and can result in deadly sessions. However, the subject will is the sole and the only way to win the challenge.